Second Generation of Computer
Transistors used punched cards for input and printout for output
These second-generation computers used transistors replacing vacuum tubes.
In this generation, the computers became smaller in size, faster and more reliable.
The speed of these computers increased from milliseconds to microseconds.
During this period, the first operating system’ was developed to communicate with computers.
Second-generation computers used magnetic tape as a secondary storage device.
During this period, some high-level languages like COBOL (Common Business Oriented Language)
And BASIC (Beginners All-Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code) Were Developed.
Features of the second generation computers
Transistors were one of the main components used in the circuit.
The computers were smaller in size as compared to the first generation of computers.
The processing speed increased from milliseconds to microseconds.
These computers required less power to run.