in , ,

Java FileWriter Class

Java FileWriter Class
Java FileWriter Class

In this tutorial, we will learn about Java FileWriter and its strategies with the help of examples.

The FileWriter class of the package can be used to write data (in characters) to files.

It extends the OutputStreamWriter class.

Make a FileWriter

To make a file writer, we should import the package first. When we import the package, here is the manner by which we can make the file writer.

  1. Using the name of the file
FileWriter output = new FileWriter(String name);

Here, we have made a file writer that will be connected to the record determined by the name.

2. Using an object of the file

FileWriter  input = new FileWriter(File fileObj);

Here, we have made a record writer that will be connected to the document determined by the object of the file.

In the above example, the data are stored using some default character encoding.

However, since Java 11 we can determine the kind of character encoding (UTF8 or UTF16) also.

FileWriter input = new FileWriter(String file, Charset cs);

Here, we have used the Charset class to indicate the character encoding of the record writer.

Strategies for FileWriter

The FileWriter class gives executions to various strategies present in the Writer class.

write() Method

  • write() – writes a single character to the writer
  • write(char[] array) – writes the characters from the specified array to the writer
  • write(String data) – writes the specified string to the writer

Example: FileWriter to write data to a File


public class Main {

  public static void main(String args[]) {

    String data = "This is the data in the output file";

    try {
      // Creates a FileWriter
      FileWriter output = new FileWriter("output.txt");

      // Writes the string to the file

      // Closes the writer

    catch (Exception e) {

In the above example, we have made a file writer named output. The output reader is connected with the output.txt record.

FileWriter output = new FileWriter("output.txt");

To write data to the file, we have used the write() technique.

Here when we run the program, the output.txt file is loaded up with the accompanying substance.

This is a line of text inside the file.

getEncoding() Method

The getEncoding() strategy can be used to get the type of encoding that is used to write data. For instance,

import java.nio.charset.Charset;

class Main {
  public static void main(String[] args) {

    String file = "output.txt";

    try {
      // Creates a FileReader with default encoding
      FileWriter output1 = new FileWriter(file);

      // Creates a FileReader specifying the encoding
      FileWriter output2 = new FileWriter(file, Charset.forName("UTF8"));

      // Returns the character encoding of the reader
      System.out.println("Character encoding of output1: " + output1.getEncoding());
      System.out.println("Character encoding of output2: " + output2.getEncoding());

      // Closes the reader

    catch(Exception e) {


The character encoding of output1: Cp1252
The character encoding of output2: UTF8

In the above example, we have made 2 file writer named output1 and output2.

output1 doesn’t indicate the character encoding. Subsequently, the getEncoding() technique returns the default character encoding.

output2 indicates the character encoding, UTF8. Consequently, the getEncoding() technique returns the predetermined character encoding.

Note: We have used the Charset.forName() method to specify the type of character encoding. To learn more, visit Java Charset (official Java documentation).

close() Method

To close the record writer, we can use the close() strategy. When the close() strategy is called, we can’t use the writer to write the data.

Other methods of FileWriter

flush()forces to write all the data present in the writer to the corresponding destination
append()inserts the specified character to the current writer

To learn more, visit Java FileWriter (official Java documentation).

Thanks for reading! We hope you found this tutorial helpful and we would love to hear your feedback in the Comments section below. And show us what you’ve learned by sharing your photos and creative projects with us.

salman khan

Written by worldofitech

One Comment

Leave a Reply

Leave a Reply


Step by step instructions to Use Meet Now: Skype’s Free Zoom Alternative

How to Fix a Frozen Mac During an Update

The most effective method to Fix a Frozen Mac During an Update