CSS Margins

CSS Margins: CSS Margin property is used to define the space around elements. It is totally straightforward and doesn’t have any background color. It clears an area around the element.

Margin are used to create space around element, outside of any defined borders.

CSS Margins

The CSS margin properties are used to create space around elements, outside of any defined borders.

With CSS, you have full control over the margins. There are properties for setting the margin for each side of an element (top, right, bottom, and left).


Margin- Individual Sides

CSS has properties for specifying the margin for each side of an element:

  • margin-top
  • margin-right
  • margin-bottom
  • margin-left

All the margin properties can have the accompanying values:

• auto – the browser calculates the margin

• length – specifies a margin in px, pt, cm, and so on

• % – specifies a margin in % of the width of the containing element

• inherit – specifies that the edge ought to be acquired from the parent element

Tip: Negative values are allowed.

Example
Set different margins for all four sides of a <p> element:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<style>
div {
  border: 1px solid black;
  margin-top: 100px;
  margin-bottom: 100px;
  margin-right: 150px;
  margin-left: 80px;
  background-color: lightblue;
}
</style>
</head>
<body>

<h2>Using individual margin properties</h2>

<div>This div element has a top margin of 100px, a right margin of 150px, a bottom margin of 100px, and a left margin of 80px.</div>

</body>
</html>

Margin – Shorthand Property

To abbreviate the code, it is feasible to specify all the margin properties in one property.

The margin property is a shorthand property for the accompanying individual margin properties:

  • margin-top
  • margin-right
  • margin-bottom
  • margin-left

So, here is how it works:

In the event that the margin property has four values:

margin: 25px 50px 75px 100px;
top margin is 25px
right margin is 50px
bottom margin is 75px
left margin is 100px

Example
Use the margin shorthand property with four values:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<style>
div {
  border: 1px solid black;
  margin: 25px 50px 75px 100px;
  background-color: lightblue;
}
</style>
</head>
<body>

<h2>The margin shorthand property - 4 values</h2>

<div>This div element has a top margin of 25px, a right margin of 50px, a bottom margin of 75px, and a left margin of 100px.</div>

<hr>

</body>
</html>

On the off chance that the margin property has three values:

margin: 25px 50px 75px;
top margin is 25px
right and left margins are 50px
bottom margin is 75px

Example
Use the margin shorthand property with three values:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<style>
div {
  border: 1px solid black;
  margin: 25px 50px 75px;
  background-color: lightblue;
}
</style>
</head>
<body>

<h2>The margin shorthand property - 3 values</h2>

<div>This div element has a top margin of 25px, a right and left margin of 50px, and a bottom margin of 75px.</div>

<hr>

</body>
</html>

In the event that the margin property has two values:

margin: 25px 50px;
top and bottom margins are 25px
right and left margins are 50px

Example
Use the margin shorthand property with two values:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<style>
div {
  border: 1px solid black;
  margin: 25px 50px;
  background-color: lightblue;
}
</style>
</head>
<body>

<h2>The margin shorthand property - 2 values</h2>

<div>This div element has a top and bottom margin of 25px, and a right and left margin of 50px.</div>

<hr>

</body>
</html>

On the off chance that the margin property has one value:

margin: 25px;
all four margins are 25px

Example
Use the margin shorthand property with one value:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<style>
div {
  border: 1px solid black;
  margin: 25px;
  background-color: lightblue;
}
</style>
</head>
<body>

<h2>The margin shorthand property - 1 value</h2>

<div>This div element has a top, bottom, left, and right margin of 25px.</div>

<hr>

</body>
</html>

The auto Value

You can set the margin property to auto to horizontally center the element inside its container.

The element will then, at that point take up the specified width, and the remaining space will be split similarly between the left and right margins.

Example
Use margin: auto:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<style>
div {
  width:300px;
  margin: auto;
  border: 1px solid red;
}
</style>
</head>
<body>

<h2>Use of margin:auto</h2>
<p>You can set the margin property to auto to horizontally center the element within its container. The element will then take up the specified width, and the remaining space will be split equally between the left and right margins:</p>

<div>
This div will be horizontally centered because it has margin: auto;
</div>

</body>
</html>

The inherit Value

This example lets the left margin of the <p class=”ex1″> element be inherited from the parent element (<div>):

Example
Use of the inherit value:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<style>
div {
  border: 1px solid red;
  margin-left: 100px;
}

p.ex1 {
  margin-left: inherit;
}
</style>
</head>
<body>

<h2>Use of the inherit value</h2>
<p>Let the left margin be inherited from the parent element:</p>

<div>
<p class="ex1">This paragraph has an inherited left margin (from the div element).</p>
</div>

</body>
</html>

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