What is an IP Address?
An IP address, or just an “IP,” is an exceptional location that distinguishes a gadget on the Internet or a nearby system. It enables a framework to be perceived by different frameworks associated by means of the Internet convention. There are two essential kinds of IP address positions utilized today — IPv4 and IPv6.
An IPv4 address comprises of four arrangements of numbers from 0 to 255, isolated by three spots. For instance, the IP address of TechTerms.com is 22.214.171.124. This number is utilized to distinguish the TechTerms site on the Internet. At the point when you visit http://techterms.com in your internet browser, the DNS framework naturally interprets the area name “techterms.com” to the IP address “126.96.36.199.”
There are three classes of IPv4 address sets that can be enrolled through the InterNIC. The littlest is Class C, which comprises 256 IP addresses (for example 123.123.123.xxx — where xxx is 0 to 255). The following biggest is Class B, which contains 65,536 IP addresses (for example 123.123.xxx.xxx). The biggest square is Class A, which contains 16,777,216 IP addresses (for example 123.xxx.xxx.xxx).
The all outnumber of IPv4 addresses ranges from 000.000.000.000 to 255.255.255.255. Since 256 = 28, there are 28 x 4 or 4,294,967,296 conceivable IP addresses. While this may appear to be a huge number, it is never again enough to cover every one of the gadgets associated with the Internet around the globe. In this way, numerous gadgets presently use IPv6 addresses.
The IPv6 address group is entirely different than the IPv4 design. It contains eight arrangements of four hexadecimal digits and utilizations colons to isolate each square. A case of an IPv6 address is: 2602:0445:0000:0000:a93e:5ca7:81e2:5f9d. There are 3.4 x 1038 or 340 undecillion) conceivable IPv6 addresses, meaning we shouldn’t run out of IPv6 addresses anytime soon.