Artificial Intelligence Tutorial: What is AI? Basics for Beginners

Artificial Intelligence Tutorial
Artificial Intelligence Tutorial

In this article, you will learn about Artificial Intelligence Tutorial step by step. So without much to do, let’s get started.

This AI lesson is meant for those with little to no background in the field and who are interested in learning the fundamentals. What is AI? Where did AI come from? What are the different types of AI? How can AI help us? These are just some of the questions that will be answered in this Artificial Intelligence for Amateurs beginning the tutorial.

In this Artificial Intelligence tutorial, you will learn the following AI basics-

What is AI?

AI, or artificial intelligence, is the ability of a machine to think and act like a person. For example, it can see, learn, reason, and solve problems. The level of human thinking, speech, and vision is used as a standard for AI.

Artificial intelligence is the process of making machines, especially computers, act smart like humans. Expert systems, natural language processing, speech recognition, and machine vision are all clear examples of AI in action.

A Brief Overview of AI Levels

Narrow AI: Artificial intelligence is considered narrow when a machine can perform a specific task better than a person. Current AI research has reached this point

An artificial intelligence reaches its general state when it can perform any intellectual task with the same degree of precision as a human.

An effective AI is one that can defeat humans in a variety of tasks.

AI is utilized in nearly all businesses today, providing a technological advantage to organizations that implement AI at scale. According to McKinsey, AI has the potential to generate 600 billion dollars in incremental value in retail and 50 percent more incremental value in finance than other analytics methods. In transport and logistics, the prospective increase in revenue is 89 percent higher.

If an organization uses AI for its advertising department, it can automate mundane and repetitive tasks, allowing sales representatives to concentrate on relationship building, lead nurturing, etc.

AI is essentially a cutting-edge innovation for managing complex information that is challenging for humans to handle. Artificial intelligence automates redu

A Quick Look Back at the History of AI

The name “artificial intelligence” is popular right now, even though it’s not new. In 1956, a group of cutting-edge experts from different groups decided to plan a summer study project on AI. The job was led by four very smart people: John McCarthy (Dartmouth College), Marvin Minsky (Harvard University), Nathaniel Rochester (IBM), and Claude Shannon (Bell Telephone Laboratories).

This project’s major goal was to look into “every part of learning or some other aspect of intelligence that can be so clearly shown on a basic level that a machine can be made to simulate it.”

The proposition of the summits included

  1. Automatic Computers
  2. How Can a Computer Be Programmed to Use a Language?
  3. Neuron Nets
  4. Self-improvement

It led to the possibility that intelligent computers could be created. Another period started, full of hope – Artificial intelligence.

Type of Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence can be divided into three subfields:

• Artificial intelligence

• Machine learning

• Deep learning

Machine Learning

Machine Learning is the part of a study of algorithms that gain from examples and encounters.

Machine learning rests on the fact that there might be a few examples in the data that can be found and used to make predictions about the future.

The machine learns on its own to find these standards, which is different from hardcoding rules.

Deep learning

A part of machine learning is deep learning. Deep learning doesn’t mean that the machine learns more about everything; it means that it uses different levels to learn from the data. What matters is how many layers there are in the model, not how deep it is. There are 22 levels in the Google LeNet model for picture recognition, for instance.

A neural network does the learning part of deep learning. When the layers are stacked on top of each other, you have a neural network.

AI vs. Machine Learning

Artificial intelligence is used in nearly every aspect of modern life, including smartphones, common electronics, and the internet. Large corporations that are eager to boast about their cutting-edge innovations will often employ both artificial intelligence and machine learning interchangeably. However, there are some key distinctions between machine learning and AI.

Artificial intelligence (AI) is the study of making computers do tasks normally performed by humans. This word originated in the 1950s when researchers first began investigating the potential of computers to solve problems on their own.

In artificial intelligence, computers are programmed to exhibit human-like behaviors. Consider our mind; it quickly and reliably gathers information about our environment. AI is the theory that machines can mimic human intelligence. AI has been described as a massive scientific field that mimics human abilities.

The field of artificial intelligence known as machine learning is focused on teaching machines how to learn. Models trained with machine learning look for trends in data and draw conclusions. Basically, people shouldn’t be able to change the machine’s settings manually. A few samples are given by the programmers, and the computer learns from those.

When is AI most useful? Examples

Right now, in this introductory AI course, we’ll explore a variety of practical AI uses, including:

Many fields can benefit from AI-

The usage of AI has helped people do less or avoid more mundane tasks. Artificial intelligence, for instance, can do the same task again and over again without tiring. In reality, AI works nonstop and cares nothing about the task at hand.

Artificial intelligence can analyze live data. The foundation of most essential components was hard-coded rules before the era of machine learning. Instead of starting from scratch when planning new products, companies are becoming more familiar with artificial intelligence thinking by focusing on improving the product’s utility. Consider a photo you’ve posted on Facebook. A few years ago, tagging pals was a laborious process. With the help of AI, Facebook can now provide you with a personal recommendation from a friend.

Every industry makes use of AI in some capacity, from advertising and distribution to finance and the food industry. A McKinsey study found that the financial services and high technology industries were the primary drivers of AI fields.

For what reason is AI booming now?

The seminal study on neural networks, written by Yann LeCun, first appeared in the 1990s. However, it started to become widely known around 2012. The three main factors that have contributed to its success are:




Since machine learning is an exploratory science, it relies on data to try out new ideas and methods. The explosion of the internet has made information much more accessible. In addition, industry titans like NVIDIA and AMD have created powerful graphics processing units just for gamers.


Over the past two decades, CPU performance has skyrocketed, making it possible for a user to train a basic deep-learning model on any laptop. However, a more powerful system is required to deal with a deep-learning model for computer vision or deep learning. NVIDIA and AMD’s contributions have made the next generation of GPUs (graphical processing units) possible. These chips enable parallel processing. This means the computer can use more than a couple of GPUs to partition the tasks and speed them up.

An NVIDIA TITAN X, for instance, just needs two days to construct a model called ImageNet, but a regular CPU would need weeks. To further cut down on data center costs and improve overall performance, several large companies employ GPU clusters equipped with NVIDIA Tesla K80s when building deep learning models.


The model is built using deep learning, and the data provides the necessary nutrients to keep it alive. Artificial intelligence is under the data’s control. You can’t do anything without information. Newer technologies have increased the amount of data that can be stored. Keeping a large amount of information in a data center is now easier than at any time in recent history.

The availability and accessibility of data collection and distribution thanks to the Internet revolution helps machine learning algorithms. If you’re familiar with photo-sharing platforms like Flickr and Instagram, you can estimate how much they can benefit from artificial intelligence. The amount of tagged images available on these sites is enormous. Images like these can be used to train a neural network to recognize an object in an image without the requirement for human data collection and labeling.

The combination of AI and data is the new currency. No company can afford to ignore data because it represents a significant competitive advantage. With AI, you can get the most accurate insights from your data. When all companies are equipped with equivalent technology, the one with the most data will emerge victorious. Just to give you an idea, every day the world produces 2.2 exabytes or 2.2 billion gigabytes.

If a company wants to find those examples and learn from them in any substantial quantity, it needs access to a wide variety of data sources.


Even while modern hardware is more capable than ever before and data is more accessible than ever before, the development of more precise algorithms is what ultimately makes the neural network more trustworthy. In their most rudimentary form, neural networks consist of a multiplication matrix that lacks any sophisticated statistical features. The neural network field has seen amazing disclosures since 2010.

A progressive learning algorithm is used in AI to let the data dictate the algorithms. That is, the computer can teach itself to do things like spot anomalies and interact with users in chat applications.


Machine learning and artificial intelligence are both confusing concepts. The study of giving machines the ability to mimic or recreate human behavior is known as artificial intelligence. A researcher has many options for getting a machine ready for usage. Earlier generations of AI relied on hard-coded programs, in which every possible scenario and its solution were entered by hand. When a system’s rules become overly intricate, it becomes cumbersome to implement. The machine can overcome this challenge by learning from experience how to adapt to any given set of conditions.

The key to building a robust AI is amassing a large amount of diverse data. For instance, if given enough data, a machine can learn to speak a variety of languages.

Artificial intelligence is the cutting-edge technology of the moment. Venture capitalists are investing billions of dollars in new firms and artificial intelligence initiatives. According to McKinsey, AI has the potential to enhance every industry by at least a double-digit growth rate.

Thanks for reading! We hope you found this tutorial helpful and we would love to hear your feedback in the Comments section below. And show us what you’ve learned by sharing your projects with us.


Machine Learning Tutorial for Beginners: What is, Basics of ML

Deep Learning Tutorial: Neural Network for Beginners

Difference Between Deep Learning and Machine Learning Vs AI

Supervised Machine Learning

Unsupervised Machine Learning

salman khan

Written by worldofitech

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